because difficult as things may appear today for senior school or college pupils entering the job market, it’s most likely nothing compared to exactly what these children needed to undergo at the beginning of 1900s America. This photo series, archived because of the Library of Congress, reveals exactly what circumstances were like for kid laborers before youngster labor ended up being largely eliminated in 1938.
The picture series, taken by photographer Lewis Hine on the part of the National Child Labor Committee, illustrates the risks and hardships working young ones had been at the mercy of, particularly in dangerous work where the modern security equipment we’re accustomed had not been yet readily available. The youngsters, some as early as 4, worked in production facilities, mines, plantations and textile mills. Young ones in coal mines inhaled harmful dirt everyday, while those working in canneries or textile mills could lose fingers. Numerous skipped school or didn’t do their particular homework in order that they my work.
Today, kid work is basically something of the past when you look at the U.S., although exceptions do continue to be permitting kids to exert effort in agriculture, program company, as well as for their moms and dads. It was mainly eradicated somewhere else in the field besides, although youngster work, mostly through the children’s moms and dads, continues to have increased rate of incident in developing globe. With photos like these, it type of tends to make me feel bad about whining when my mother made myself sweep the house and take out of the trash.
Source: The U.S. Library of Congress
Youngsters at Bibb Mill # 1, 1909
Some boys were therefore small they’d to climb upon the spinning framework to fix the broken threads and place right back the bare bobbins. Place: Macon, Georgia.
Manuel, the youthful shrimp-picker, 5 years old
Manuel and a hill of child-labor oyster shells behind him. He worked last year. Understands not a word of English. Dunbar, Lopez, Dukate Company. Area: Biloxi, Mississippi.
11-year-old at Crescent Hosiery Mill
Nannie Coleson, looper just who stated she ended up being 11 years of age, and has now been working in the Crescent Hosiery Mill for a few months. Creates about $3 per week. Has-been through the fifth quality at school. She’s bright, but unsophisticated. Told investigator, “There are other little girls within the mill also. One of these, says she’s 13, but she does not look any avove the age of myself.” Area: Scotland Neck, Vermont.
youthful Cigarmakers in Englahardt & Co., Tampa, Fla.
There kids looked under 14. Work was slack and youngsters weren’t being employed much. Labor explained in busy times many little boys and girls are utilized. Youngsters all smoke. Place: Tampa, Florida.
Stealing coal from railway coal-yard.
Location: Boston, Massachusetts.
Vance, a Trapper Boy, fifteen years old
Has caught for several years in a West Va. Coal my own. $.75 each and every day for 10 hours work. All he does should open and shut this door: usually he sits here idle, looking forward to the automobiles to come. Because of the intense darkness inside mine, the hieroglyphics in the door were not noticeable until dish was created. Location: West Virginia.
Willie Bryden, 13, holding the door open in a mine
Waiting on it’s own at night for a vacation ahead through. It absolutely was so damp that Willie said he had is doctoring all the time for his coughing. A brief length from here, the gas had been pouring in to the my own therefore rapidly it made a great burn once the foreman lit it. Willie was in fact working right here for four months, 500 foot down the shaft, and one fourth of a mile underground from there. (Shaft #6 Pennsylvania Coal Co.) Walls have been whitewashed making it lighter. January 16th, i came across Willie home sick, their mother admitted that he is only 13 yrs old; should be 14 next July. Said that 4 mos. ago the mine manager informed the daddy to just take Willie working, and they received the certificate from Squire Barrett. (the one thing the Squire could do would be to make Willie out to be 16 yrs old.) Willie’s dad and bro tend to be miners while the house is that of a frugal German family. Location: Pittston, Pennsylvania.
Amos, 6, and Horace, 4 years of age, in Tobacco areas
Their father, John Neal is a renter and raises cigarette. He stated (additionally the owner of land verified it) that both these boys workday after time from “sun-up to sun-down” worming and suckering, and they tend to be because constant as a grown-up. Place: Warren County –Albaton, Kentucky
Breaker boys in # 9 breaker
Location: Pittston, Pennsylvania.
Sweeper and Doffer Boys
Sweeper and Doffer Boys, Lancaster Mills (Cotton). S.C. Additional as little. Location: Lancaster, South Carolina.
a few of the boys at a busy trolley junction
3 brothers, Salvatore, 9 yrs. (in-front), Joseph, 11 yrs. (cripple), Lewis, 13 yrs. (between these 2). “We will be murdered whenever we browse craps.” Boy at left offered myself pair of dice for just two c[en]ts. – what however have to pay for lots more. Area: Jersey City, New Jersey.
The dust was therefore dense often times on confuse the view. This dirt penetrates the utmost recess of the boy’s lung area. Area: South Pittston, Pennsylvania.
11-year-old boys working a two-man saw
Boys working in Maple Mill, Dillon, S.C. Pete Dunlap (smaller). Stated 11 yrs . old. Mannings Dunlap. Both doff-40 dollars just about every day. Location: Dillon, South Carolina.
11-year-old Callie Campbell picking cotton fiber
Callie Campbell, 11 yrs old, picks 75 to 125 pounds of cotton fiber just about every day, and totes 50 weight from it whenever sack gets full. “No, we don’t like it truly.” Area: Potawotamie County, Oklahoma.
15-year-old Estelle Poiriere with little finger injury
Union Hospital case – Estelle Poiriere, 137 Robeson St., fifteen years old. Doffer at Granite No. 1 mill. Laceration of index and center little finger of right-hand. Caught in card device. Injured Dec. 21, 1915 and finger grew stiff and had having cable cut. Nonetheless an outpatient in June and not working yet. Location: Fall River, Massachusetts.
3-year-old playing at Ivey Mill
Ivey Mill, Hickory, N.C. Little one, 3 years old, which visits and plays into the mill. Daughter for the overseer. Place: Hickory, North Carolina.
Boys working on and around moving coal automobiles
On the tipple during the Bessie Mine, Sloss-Sheffield metal & Iron Co. These youthful men work around as well as on these coal cars, loaded and empty, as they are running at full speed. It really is dangerous. These young men said, “Ain’t barely a-day passes that someone don’t get pinched or hurt.” “i acquired my knee jammed not long ago and had been set up a week.” Location: Bessie Mine, Alabama.
12-year old just who destroyed his hand
Rural Accident. Twelve-year old Clinton Stewart and his mowing machine which cut-off his hand.
Cartoners at canning factory
Some of the cartoners, perhaps not the youngest, at Seacoast Canning Co., Factory no. 2. Location: Eastport, Maine.
5-year-old Jo Benevidos Having Lunch
Jo Benevidos, 5 Merion St. Curled up in a doffing box, eating his meal. Area: Fall River, Massachusetts.